Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease associated with aging that gradually destroys the macula, a cluster of light-sensitive cells in the central part of the retina. The macula provides crisp central vision and allows you to see fine detail. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for daily tasks such as reading and driving. AMD occurs in two forms, wet and dry.
Age-related macular degeneration develops gradually at first, but can progress abruptly to an advanced stage that requires immediate consultation with a vision care provider. Even though AMD causes no pain, it can lead to a loss of vision in both eyes. AMD is the leading cause of vision loss in Americans over 60-years-old.
Early detection is important in preventing and treating AMD.